Technology is the collective term for a number of diverse disciplines, practices, and tools used in the development of specific products or services or in the achievement of specified goals, including scientific study. Among the broad classifications of technology are computer science, computer engineering, applied science, information technology, health care, and humanities. In business, technology has played a large role through recent years, especially as it pertains to information systems, digital technologies, business development, and e-business. A key concept of business is information technology, which encompasses many other technological fields. The field of technology can be broken down into different subtopics including information systems, computer sciences, applied sciences, engineering, informatics, and software engineering.
Information science is a subfield of science that studies how people and their computers interact. Its core curriculum courses include programming languages, formal languages, software engineering, computer theory, and hardware architecture. Software engineering is a subset discipline of engineering, which deals mainly with the design and implementation of software systems. It includes computer software, computer science, and programming languages.
Computer systems science deals with the study of how information is processed by machines. Its core curriculum courses include numerical analyses, control systems, machine learning, human-computer interactions, numerical reasoning, database theory, and embedded systems. In the modern technology industry, these classes apply these methods to specific technologies.
The cultural approach to technology is also quite influential. Categorizing different technologies according to the culture and experience of users is called cultural cognition. Cultural cognition refers to the act of evaluating and comparing the actuality of different technologies to the desired or anticipated reality. This cognitive category is closely related to the schizotypy, schizometric, schizoid model, and cognitive architectures theories. A technological artifact may be considered to fulfill a particular need when it fulfills at least one of these models. According to the cultural approach, technological artifacts must provide access to the goods, services, and ideas of a society and must not inhibit or displace the operation of the state.
In the last two decades, the schizotypy has grown to dominate all disciplines of science. schizotypy is closely related to technology and science, because it studies human knowledge more than the other areas of science. Schizotypy scholars compare and contrast different technological artifacts, such as computers, electronic equipment, cellular phones, video games, DVD players, and MP3 players. Some of the influential developments in the field of schizotypy are the philosophy of technology, the representational model of the digital computer, and information technologies.
In his treatise, German Historical linguist Johannes Mering pointed out the term technology as a neologism, claiming that it was not based on a practical application. Instead, the term was derived from a German term used to refer to arts, which was “technik”, which referred to an artistic production. In English, the term technology was used to refer to a set of practices, while in German, the term was used to specify modern human practices that were part of the German intellectual tradition. According to the German political scientist Martin Luther, the root of the word technology is “geschwerer beschwerder”, which means “to improve the ways of the people”.